One Bronze (1Br)

What is a 1Br Reader?

Evaluate How Different Authors Approach the Same Genre, Topic, or Theme

1Br versus 2Br readers are not distinguished by the difficulty of the text they read, but by the sophistication with which they can analyze author’s craft across a wide range of genres and forms. Of course, some Br books are harder than others, but which Br books will be difficult for which readers is more dependent on the background knowledge, genre knowledge, and vocabulary of individual readers than on the difficulty of the text. Students entering 1Br have read widely in Pu text and can handle a few of their most familiar genres in Br. In these genres they can identify choices the author has made as a writer, compare these choices to those of another author writing in the same genre or on the same subject, and critique the effectiveness of these choices. 1Br readers can determine an author’s perspective in a text and are just beginning to speculate on how the different perspectives of authors shape the choices they make.

In order to handle Br text, comfort with the 16–20 academic words and/or phrases per typical chapter book page and common literary constructs, extensive experience as a reader, and sufficient academic background in history and science are required.

Key Common Core State Standards

Reading Informational Text 6:
Determine an author’s point of view or purpose in a text and analyze how the author distinguishes his or her position from that of others.
Reading Informational Text 9:
Analyze how two or more authors writing about the same topic shape their presentations of key information by emphasizing different evidence or advancing different interpretations of facts.
Reading Literature 9:
Compare and contrast a fictional portrayal of a time, place, or character and a historical account of the same period as a means of understanding how authors of fiction use or alter history.

Major Characteristics of a 1Br Book

Young adult. Vocabulary includes approximately 16–20 “literary” words on a full page of text. Assumes background knowledge of a proficient 7th or 8th grader, including world history, world geography, science, and social studies concepts. Which Br books will be difficult for which readers is more dependent on the background knowledge, genre knowledge, and vocabulary of individual readers than on the difficulty of the text.

Formative Assessment for Teaching and Learning

The IRLA includes every Common Core State Standard for Reading, both in literature and informational text, as well as those Language standards key to reading success

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