Two Bronze (2Br)

What is a 2Br Reader?

Texts Reflect the Perspectives, Biases, Cultural Background, and Historical Context of Their Authors

1Br versus 2Br readers are not distinguished by the difficulty of the text they read, but by the sophistication with which they can analyze author’s craft across a wide range of genres and forms. Of course, some Br books are harder than others, but which Br books will be difficult for which readers is more dependent on the background knowledge, genre knowledge, and vocabulary of individual readers than on the difficulty of the text.

2Br-level readers see the author as a writer, as a human being with his/her own biases, motivations and blind spots. They have developed a critical eye toward writing and can discuss an author’s use of literary techniques. They can locate a particular book in its genre and make comparisons across texts on a wide variety of both themes and writing techniques. They read actively, talking back to the author, questioning and probing the ideas presented. Comfort with the 16–20 academic words and/or phrases per typical chapter book page requires extensive experience as a reader. Sentences are complex, figurative language is common, and most adults cannot handle materials written at this level of complexity. Just because a reader can read a Br text fluently doesn’t mean s/he is a 2Br-level reader. Dig deeply into the reader’s knowledge of the vocabulary, understanding of the ideas, and ability to critique the writing before assigning him/her the 2Br designation.

Key Common Core State Standards

Reading: Language
5:
Compare and contrast the structure of two or more texts and analyze how the differing structure of each text contributes to its meaning and style.
Reading: Informational
8:
Delineate and evaluate the argument and specific claims in a text, assessing whether the reasoning is sound and the evidence is relevant and sufficient; recognize when irrelevant evidence is introduced.

Major Characteristics of a 2Br Book

Young adult. Vocabulary includes approximately 16–20 “literary” words on a full page of text. Assumes background knowledge of a proficient 7th or 8th grader, including world history, world geography, science, and social studies concepts. Which Br books will be difficult for which readers is more dependent on the background knowledge, genre knowledge, and vocabulary of individual readers than on the difficulty of the text.

Formative Assessment for Teaching and Learning

The IRLA includes every Common Core State Standard for Reading, both in literature and informational text, as well as those Language standards key to reading success

Learn more »

100% Solar-Powered Business