Orange (Or)

What is an Or Reader?

Proficiency and Comfort in New Genres (Historical Fiction, Realistic Fiction, Biography, Poetry, etc.)

Or readers should demonstrate proficiency in at least five very different kinds of text. Encourage students to expand their reading experience through literacy circles, read-aloud, book clubs, sharing time, modeling, book talks and having enough of the right books in these genres. Or readers are learning to analyze how different texts in the same series or genre approach similar themes. Proficient Or-level readers are comfortable in realistic/contemporary fiction, poetry, plays, informational writing, a variety of traditional tales, historical fiction, and biography.

In Or text, the vocabulary demands are increasing, with 6–10 words and/or phrases on a typical chapter book page not familiar from everyday speech. Or-level readers already know all but 1 or 2 of these academic words from their extensive reading at the earlier levels. Students who have not read widely will not know most of the words and will have comprehension difficulty because of the academic vocabulary load. These students must go back to the color level where they can define all (or almost all) of the words used and read from there, or they may develop the habit of “reading” without comprehension.

Or-level readers should finish an Or chapter book, or its equivalent, each week.

Key Common Core State Standards

Reading Literature 2:
Determine a theme of a story, drama, or poem from details in the text, including how characters in a story or drama respond to challenges or how the speaker in a poem reflects upon a topic; summarize the text.
Reading Informational Text 2:
Determine two or more main ideas of a text and explain how they are supported by key details; summarize the text.
Reading Literature 9:
Compare and contrast stories in the same genre (e.g., mysteries and adventure stories) on their approaches to similar themes and topics.

Major Characteristics of an Or Book

Picture books and chapter books with 6–10 “literary” words on a full page of text. Frequent use of compound and complex sentences. Assumes knowledge of American geography (e.g., Rocky Mountains, Atlantic Ocean).

Formative Assessment for Teaching and Learning

The IRLA includes every Common Core State Standard for Reading, both in literature and informational text, as well as those Language standards key to reading success

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