Yellow (1-3Y)

What is a Yellow Reader?

Successful Yellow readers do not really read the words on the page. They don’t have a sight word bank and they can’t yet “sound out” words. They use the repeated sentence pattern, the initial consonant sound, the pictures, and the spaces between words to “read” the book. Yellow readers are integrating all three cuing systems (syntax, phonics, meaning) while exhibiting fluency, confidence, and comprehension. While they are working in the Yellow level, they will need help accumulating sight words for their independent work in 1G. A Yellow reader’s success is dependent on his or her basic background knowledge, phonemic awareness, speaking vocabulary, common sense, and ability to reason.

Key Common Core State Standards

Use the repeated sentence stem and pictures to read a yellow book.
2Y/CCSS F.K.3a
Demonstrate basic knowledge of one-to-one letter-sound correspondences by producing the primary or most frequent sound for each consonant.
3Y/CCSS F.K.3c
Read common very high-frequency words by sight (e.g., the, of, to, you, she, my, is, are, do).

Major Characteristics of a Yellow Book

One basic sentence pattern is repeated on each page. Only one word changes per page, and that word is clear from the picture.

Formative Assessment for Teaching and Learning

The IRLA includes every Common Core State Standard for Reading, both in literature and informational text, as well as those Language standards key to reading success

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